Diabetes and Your Eyes
Diabetic eye disease, caused by diabetes, is a leading cause of blindness and vision loss. Because of the high risk for eye disease, all people with type 2 diabetes should receive an annual dilated eye exam. For people with type 1 diabetes, an annual dilated exam is recommended after they have had diabetes for 5 years.
Pregnant women with diabetes should see their eye doctor during the first three months of pregnancy and may need follow-up visits.
Basic diabetes facts ►
What is diabetic eye disease ►
Diabetic eye disease may include:
- Diabetic retinopathy -- damage to the blood vessels in the retina.
- Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) -- a complication of diabetes caused by fluid accumulation in the macula.
- Cataract -- clouding of the eye's lens.
- Glaucoma -- increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision
What is diabetic retinopathy? ►
Who is at risk for diabetic retinopathy? ►
What are the stages of diabetic retinopathy? ►
How do eye doctors check for diabetic retinopathy? ►
How do eye doctors treat diabetic retinopathy? ►
Doctors have a range of options for treating individuals who have been diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy. Read More
Medicare benefits and your eyes ►
Information about the Welcome to Medicare Physical. Read More
Vision care financial assistance resources ►
Contact information for organizations and services that may be able to help with the cost of vision care. Read More