HOUSTON, TX (September 21, 2012) -Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of low vision and blindness in people over 50. It affects 25-30 million individuals in the Western world alone, yet very few are aware that AMD may be prevented by following a few very important suggestions.  

In the United States, AMD affects more than 2 million people age 50 and older, according to the 2012 Vision Problems in the U.S. report from Prevent Blindness America and the National Eye Institute. And, that number is increasing every year as the population ages.

AMD occurs in a specialized portion of the retina called the macula. Abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the macula where they leak. This causes damage to cells that are responsible for our sharp central vision.

“The situation is alarming,” said Debbie Goss, President and CEO of Prevent Blindness Texas.  “Too many people simply do not understand the risk factors that lead to AMD and the ways AMD can be prevented or slowed.”

Researchers including Emily Chew, M.D., and Frederick Ferris, Jr., M.D., of the National Eye Institute (NEI) of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. are turning their attention from AMD treatment to AMD prevention. This is exciting news. But, we already know some steps to take.

“Everyone over 40 should have a dilated eye exam and follow the eye doctor’s recommendation for regular eye exams, even if their vision seems perfect,” said Narinder Sharma, President and CEO of AMD Alliance International (AMDAI). “Education and early detection are key to preventing AMD or slowing its advance.”

In addition to regular eye exams, people can help prevent AMD through diet and lifestyle:

Pay attention to diet:  Eat dark green, leafy vegetables and fish. NEI researchers found that people who eat food rich in lutein and zeaxanthin, two anti-oxidants from the same family as beta carotene, are at lower risk for AMD. These foods include kale, mustard greens, collard greens, raw or cooked spinach, among others. When it comes to fish, they found that people whose diets contain a lot of omega-3 fatty acids (DHA and EPA found in fish, especially salmon) are also at less risk for advanced AMD. As little as one serving of fish per week may be helpful. Nuts, olive oil, and fruits are important, too. They also contain vitamins and minerals that play a role in AMD prevention.

AMDAI has prepared a packet of materials for AMD Week International that includes an excellent summary of important foods.

Don’t smoke. In addition to the role of diet, research has shown that AMD is two to three times more likely among tobacco smokers, and that the risk is dose dependent. In other words, the more a person smokes, the greater the risk and the faster the progression of the disease. Controlling weight and cholesterol are also important.

Test vision daily using the Amsler grid. The Amsler grid resembles graph paper except for a dot in its center. It helps detect AMD or AMD progression. The user is instructed to hang the grid on the front of the refrigerator or in a similarly convenient location; to cover one eye; to look at the central dot with the uncovered eye; and notice whether any lines appear wavy or broken. If so, or if the lines look worse than before, it is important to see an eye doctor. Prevent Blindness Texas has Amsler grids available at no cost.

During International AMD Week, September 22-30, 2012, Prevent Blindness Texas and AMD Alliance International are launching a series of global initiatives and communications strategies to increase awareness of AMD prevention, including:

  • Prevent Blindness Texas – will use social media to post an AMD Fact of the Day on its Facebook page ( and Twitter feed (!/PBTexas) each day for the week of September 22-30.  Prevent Blindness Texas will also provide educational information on its website, and distribute information to local media outlets across the state.
  • Prevent Blindness America provides free AMD information including preventive steps, risk factors and treatment options at or at 1-800-331-2020.   
  • AMDAI is soliciting stories from thousands of people who have AMD. Using their own smartphones as a video camera, they will be asked to describe the impact of AMD on their life. This will become the germ of a repository for stories that can be accessed by other patients and by families, friends, and perhaps even social scientists who want to understand quality of life in AMD patients.

“We want people to understand that they can have a role in preventing AMD. This means make a commitment to regular dilated eye exams; use the Amsler grid for self-examination; don’t smoke and quit if you do; control cholesterol and weight; and make sure your diet is rich in the recommended foods,” says Sharma.  “These behaviors can save the vision of millions of people. That is what makes the 2012 International AMD Week campaign so critical.”

About Prevent Blindness Texas    

Founded in 1956, Prevent Blindness is the state’s leading volunteer eye health and safety organization dedicated to fighting blindness and saving sight.  Focused on promoting a continuum of vision care, Prevent Blindness Texas touches the lives of thousands of people each year through public and professional education, advocacy, community and patient service programs and research.  These services are made possible through the generous support of the Texas public.  Through a network of regional offices and volunteers, we are committed to eliminating preventable blindness in Texas.  For more information, or to make a contribution to the sight-saving fund, call 1-888-98-SIGHT or visit us on the Web at www.preventblindnesstexas.orgor  

About AMD Alliance International

AMD Alliance International (AMDAI) is the only international organization in the world dedicated exclusively to promoting awareness, treatment, and research into macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss in the developed world. With more than 70 organizational allies in 25 countries, AMDAI is a membership organization comprised of world leaders in ophthalmology, vision, rehabilitation, research, and patient and senior’s advocacy. For more information, visit

Download the International AMD Week 2012 Press Release.